may cause abrasion in the body. As a result wounded area may be bruised due to blood clotting First aid:

  1. Pain of the wounded place is to be decreased fast by applying cold water or
    ice on it. 2. Cold water or ice soaked wet clothes need to place on the injured place. 3. No massage should be done over the wounded area. 4. The first aider will seek doctor’s advice if necessary.

    Work 1: How is first aid given if it cuts, burns and abrasions? Explain.
    (Home work) Work 2: Some of the students will act as patients while others will act as
    first aiders. Act it. Work 3: Demonstrate the rules of first aid in small groups separately.
    Introduction of Health Science and Health Service Health Science is the scientific means of living a healthy life. What do we understand by ‘health?’ Health means physical well-being or disease free condition of the body. In general, the soundness of body only is not the sign of good health, but mental well-being is also a condition for maintaining a good health. It is necessary to maintain cleanliness, to eat balanced and nutritious food and to follow the rules of hygiene. In order to make the body strong and fit, it needs to maintain a healthful living and to keep all the personal belongings, household articles clean and tidy. Health service means regular health check up, health maintenance with health recovery and health development.
    Consultation-based Health Service
    Treatment-based Health Service
    explain the necessity of health service.
    identify the common communicable diseases with their signs and
    explain the different carriers of infectious diseases, its causes and results.
    explain the means of preventing various infectious diseases.
    Conception regarding health science and its necessities:
    If we want to obtain the most valuable wealth our health, we have to acquire knowledge of health science. We live in society. So, there must have an impact of our surroundings and social condition on our health. We should know these impacts. Health science includes the following important things – how the unhygienic environment causes harm to our health, how communicable diseases are transmitted from one person to another, how to prevent those diseases, etc. In order to maintain good health, we need hygienic home, balanced diet, proper sewerage and sanitary system and disposal of household waste. The objectives of studying medical science are to learn about health rules and preventive measures of diseases. We may call it a good health when the body becomes healthy, fit and free from diseases. It will not be enough to have a personal good health for maintaining healthful living. It is very much essential for a person to lead a happy and joyful life in the society. With this aim in view, a person is required to get the habit of maintaining good physical and mental health from childhood. Only good health can bring happiness to a human being. If the body becomes ill, it makes the mind unwell. With an unhappy mind, it is not possible to concentrate on study or work. Therefore, one should try to keep one self well. Some tips are given below for maintaining personal health –
  2. to take regular bath; 2. to get the hair trimmed in time; 3. to pare nails of hands and toes once in a week; 4. to wash hand well after doing any work; 5. to wash hands with soap before taking any food; 6. to drink clean and safe water; 7. to take balanced diet regularly; 8. to avoid the habit of spitting and throwing wastes indiscriminately; 9. to keep urinal and toilet clean; 10. to avoid cutting of nails with the teeth; 11. to wash hands with soap after excretion; 12. to brush teeth everyday.
    Besides, it is a good habit to keep body straight while sitting, walking and, sleeping Health education programmes:
  3. Classroom teaching on health. 2. Having lectures on and discussion about health, 3. Exhibition on health related objects. 4. Visiting health centers and observing its programmes. 5. Collecting and preserving health related photographs, books, charts, etc
    and its study. 6. Arranging publicity of health related programmes in the media. Work – 1. Fill out the table below with the rules of preserving personal health;
    Work-2. Show by acting in the class room about the things everyday you do after getting up in the morning and before going to bed at night.
    Communicable diseases:
    To remain healthy, we are to maintain certain habits of cleanliness and to take balanced and nutritional diet. We are to follow the rules of good health. Even after following all these rules, we fall sick. It is to be kept in mind that disease or illness is a part of our life. It is not possible for anyone to remain disease free. But we can avoid or prevent diseases if we have the knowledge of various diseases. This knowledge will protect us from its infection. Some diseases spread through the infected persons these are called communicable diseases. Besides the infected persons, some objects also act as carrier to spread these diseases, namely – influenza, whooping cough, diphtheria, dysentery, diarrhoea, hepatitis (jaundice), conjunctivitis, cold and cough, tuberculosis, typhoid, measles, small pox, malaria, AIDS. Sometimes communicable diseases are called contagious diseases.
    But all communicable diseases are not contagious, such as – tuberculosis, typhoid, measles, malaria, AIDS, etc. They do not spread by contamination or touch. A healthy person can be infected if he comes in contact with a contagious diseased person

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